Capitalism, Globalisation, Cultural Landscape, and Rural Tourism

By H.M. Sanjeev Kumar and Preeti Sharma.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

This paper begins with the contention that over-economic determinism, involved in the globalization of Indian tourism, has robbed the tinge of indignity which is so crucial for integrating the spirit of tourism with cultural diversity. Regarding tourism itself, its practice with a sufficiently open mind can lead it to become an irreplaceable factor of self-education, mutual tolerance and for learning about the legitimate differences between peoples, cultures and their diversities. However, as the paper highlights, under the penetrative impact of capitalist globalization, the structuring and sponsoring of tourism by a neoliberal State, especially in rural areas, merely seems to cater to the obtrusive assertions of a late capitalist politico-economic order, a sense of an ontological inevitability of instrumental rationality and effective productivity which is engendered by unrestrained market forces. In the light of this, the paper seeks to unfold the argument that the micro-economic structures as well as local cultural forms in the Indian countryside are facing corrosive effects which has thwarted the very spirit of rural landscape heritage. Lasting partnerships with indigenous communities for responsible tourism and sustainable growth, besides revival of local economies and devising of alternate livelihoods may halt this process of decadence. We finally put forth certain recommendations for the development of strategies, conducive towards accomplishing the overall objectives of sustainable development, rather than a parochial oversimplification of all human activities under the genre of market rationality.

Keywords: Capitalism, Globalisation, Cultural Landscape, Rural Tourism, Local Cultural Forms.

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp.1-12. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 282.141KB).

Dr. H.M. Sanjeev Kumar

Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, Faculty of Social Sciences, South Asian University, Delhi, Delhi, India

His area of specialization is Democratisation in South Asia, India-Pakistan Relations and Subcontinental Security; Nuclearisation of South Asia; Globalisation and identity of Muslims. His areas of interest also include contemporary issues involving Multi-Culturalism; World order post-9/11; the Role of Political Parties in Shaping India’s Foreign Policy, etc. He has published extensively in these areas in journals of international/national repute.Currently he is availing the prestigious UGC Inter University Centre’s Research Associateship in Humanities and Social Sciences at the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Rashtrapati Nivas, Shimla, where he is working on ethno-political conflicts in South Asia. He teaches Comparative Politics and International Relations of South Asia.

Dr. Preeti Sharma

Associate Professor, Department of History and Indian Culture, Faculty of Social Sciences, Banasthali Vidyapith, Tonk, Rajasthan, India

My area of specialization is Ancient Indian History while my areas of interest includes gender studies, more specifically women’s representation in art and literature; feminine sexuality; social history with special bearings on patriarchic formations; folk lore of Rajasthan; multiculturalism, etc.I have published several research papers in reputed journals on related issues and have also successfully carried out a UGC Project on South Indian Rock-Cut Temple Architecture, besides working on “Interpretations of Mahabalipuram Relief” as a UGC Inter University Centre Research Associate in Humanities and Social Sciences at the prestigious Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Rashtrapati Nivas, Shimla. I teach Ancient Indian History, Social History of Modern India, Issues in Modern World History, Research Methodology, and Historiography at Undergraduate and Postgraduate levels.