Episodic Stigma, Psychosocial Risk, and Stress Confronting 2nd Generation Military Filipino Amerasians in Central Luzon, Philippines: A Multiple-Case Study

By P.C. (Pete) Kutschera, Marie A. Caputi, Jose Maria G. Pelayo III, Mary Grace Talamera-Sandico, Elena Cacho Tesoro and Philip M. Kutschera.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies

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Military Filipino Amerasians, an unrecognized yet significant mixed heritage, biracial diaspora, abandoned by U.S. military personnel fathers during the protracted colonial-commonwealth period and post-World War II-Cold War Era of permanent military bases (1898-1992), are acknowledged victims of stigmatization and discrimination. Some Amerasians developed psychopathology-based significant depression, anxiety, and stress. Approximately 200,000-250,000 or more 1st and 2nd generation Amerasians, ranging from infants to the elderly reside in the archipelago today. Many are socioeconomically marginalized and psychologically at risk. However, virtually few if any studies exist on 2nd generation Amerasians, a sizeable part of the diaspora. This multiple- case study involved a sample (N=8) of Anglo and African, female and male, second-generation, adolescent and adult Amerasians, residing in the Angeles-Metro Manila-Olongapo City "AMO Amerasian Triangle," reputedly the highest concentration of military Amerasians in East/Southeast Asia. The six-month study was to determine personal experiences with stigma, ostracism and psychosocial risk (i.e., name-calling, verbal harassment, impoverishment and familial organization quality). Results revealed presence of an "at risk,” troublesome, socioeconomically marginalized and stressed population, but with a comparatively limited experience with baser conditions of the level or intensity encountered by first generation Amerasians.

Keywords: Filipino Amerasian, Asian American, Diaspora, Military Prostitution, Psychosocial Risk

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Global Studies, Volume 9, Issue 2, March 2015, pp.1-13. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 622.999KB).

Dr. P.C. (Pete) Kutschera

Director, Visiting Professor, Philippine Amerasian Research Center (PARC), Department of Social Work, Systems Plus College Foundation, Angeles City, Philippines

Dr. Marie A. Caputi

Contributing Faculty Member, College of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

Prof. Jose Maria G. Pelayo III

Professor, Director, Social and Psychology Research Unit, College of Arts and Sciences, Systems Plus College Foundation, Angeles City, Philippines

Prof. Mary Grace Talamera-Sandico

Professor, Department of Social Work, Don Honorario Ventura Technological State University, Bacolar, Philippines

Dean Elena Cacho Tesoro

Dean, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, Don Honorio Ventura Technological State University, Bacolor, Pampanga, Philippines

Philip M. Kutschera

Research Officer, Human Research and Documentation Unit, Amerasian Research Network, Ltd., Albany, New York, USA